Development goals Engaging MSc and PhD students in research is another opportunity to carry out biophysical and socioeconomic studies on project sites. Wide ranges of scholarly articles are available, and metanalysis is possible for adaptation and policy brief preparation. Engaging MSc and PhD students in research is another opportunity to carry out biophysical and socioeconomic studies on project sites. Wide ranges of scholarly articles are available, and metanalysis is possible for adaptation and policy brief preparation. PAF can use biotechnology for technology generation and ICT based tools for efficient data collection, databases and extension of technologies to end-users.
National Priorities in Afforestation and Reforestation
The Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy
of Ethiopia outlines that 3 million hectares of land would be put under afforestation and reforestation and 4 million ha of forests and woodlands under sustainable forest management by 2030 for improved abatement potential. The second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTPII) has been under implementation as of 2015/16
to 2019/20. The GTPII agricultural sector development plan targets for accelerated and sustained growth of agriculture within the framework of the Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy and include
increasing the area of watersheds supported with
physical soil and water conservation structures from
8.12 million hectares in 2014/15 to 27.23 million hectares by the end of the plan period. Also, the
GTPII sets a target of increasing the national
forest coverage from 15.5% in 2015/14 to 20% by the
end of the GTP II period.
Furthermore, Ethiopia has pledged to restore 15 million hectares of land by 2030 under the Bonn Challenge. The Bonn challenge commitment of country expounded to 22 million hectares in the UNFCCC summit in New York for the implantation of the Paris Agreement. Ethiopia is also party to the Pan African Great Green Wall for the Sahel and Sahara Initiative (GGWSSI) to establish a green wall to prevent the expansion of the Sahara Desert. Thus, the country has shown great interest in forest landscape restoration and forest creation.
The National Forest Sector Development Program (NFSDP) stipulates to serve as the general framework for the enhancement of sustainable forest management in the country from 2016 to 2025. It identifies different program areas, which include forest production and value chain, forest environmental function, urban greening and urban forests, and forests and rural livelihoods program areas. Thus, research in plantation and agroforestry would be highly relevant to all the above program areas.
Besides, the PAF research could contribute to the sustainable development goals (SDGs) through livelihood improvement, improved environment, better nutrition, improved water production and hydrological cycle, improved forest products supply, improved resilience and adaptation and mitigation to climate change, preservation and restoration of ecosystems and biodiversity, and through gender-sensitive and gender-equitable approaches and through establishment of strong partnerships in research and development.
Plantation and Agroforestry Research Directorate Goal
The goal of the Plantation and Agroforestry Research Directorate is to develop forested landscapes with economically important tree species and increase tree diversity in landscapes and agricultural systems for sustainable ecosystem products and services including climate change adaptation and mitigation. The
Directorate aims at generating and adapting
technologies and scientific information that are
relevant for afforestation and reforestation in a Research in Development approach. The Directorate has identified the following five research program areas
as relevant to Ethiopia based on plantation/agroforestry type and purpose:
Industrial Plantation Research,
Environmental Plantation Research,
Smallholder Plantations Research and
Urban Forests Research, each with 5 to 7 sub-programmes.
Prioritization of PAF Programs
The Directorate recognizes the need for prioritization of the above listed programme areas and sub-programmes in each of EEFRI’s Research Centers: Central
Ethiopia, Bahirdar, Mekelle, Jimma, Hawassa and
Diredawa. The prioritization would consider the
Identify priority research areas for the upcoming GTP period 2020/21-2024/25.
Align activities with national priorities and government commitments such as Forest Landscape Restoration (Bonn Challenge/ NYDF)
Align with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)Structurally, the Plantation and Agroforestry Research Directorate has three Divisions: *Agroforestry Research Division,
*Commercial Plantation Research Division and *Environmental PlantationResearch Division.
The prioritization will guide allocation
of resources (financial, physical and human) properly against priority activities and deliverables. PAF will seek funding sources
to supplement government investments for the priority programs and sub-programs. PAF has developed a theory of change for clarifying priorities by defining goals and the path to reach them. PAF will work closely and form strategic partnership and collaborations
1) Federal and Regional Agricultural Research Institutes,
2) Strategically important public universities involved in forestry education and research,
3) Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Research Institutes and 4) the CGIAR’s Forests,Trees and Agroforestry Research Programme.
Dr. Abayneh Derero
Director, Plantation and Agroforestry Research Directorate